Distribution of HLA class I altered phenotypes in colorectal carcinomas: high frequency of HLA haplotype loss associated with loss of heterozygosity in chromosome region 6p21.

Research paper by Isabel I Maleno, Carmen Maria CM Cabrera, Teresa T Cabrera, Laura L Paco, Miguel Angel MA López-Nevot, Antonia A Collado, Antonio A Ferrón, Federico F Garrido

Indexed on: 20 Jul '04Published on: 20 Jul '04Published in: Immunogenetics


HLA class I loss or down-regulation is a widespread mechanism used by tumor cells to avoid tumor recognition by cytotoxic T lymphocytes, and thus favor tumor immune escape. Multiple mechanisms are responsible for these HLA class I alterations. In different epithelial tumors, loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at chromosome region 6p21.3, leading to HLA haplotype loss, occurs in 6-50% of all cases depending on the tumor entity. In this paper we report the frequency of LOH at 6p21 in 95 colorectal carcinomas (CRC) previously analyzed for altered HLA class I expression with immunohistological techniques. We used PCR microsatellite amplification of selected STR markers located on Chromosome 6 to identify LOH with DNA from microdissected tumor tissues and the surrounding stroma. Sequence-specific oligonucleotide analysis was performed in microdissected stroma and tumor cells for HLA typing, and to detect HLA haplotype loss. A high frequency (40%) of HLA haplotype loss was found in CRC. Eight tumors showed microsatellite instability. We sometimes observed two or more mechanisms responsible for HLA alteration within the same HLA-altered phenotype, such as LOH and HLA class I total loss. In 25 tumors (26%) no HLA class I alteration could be identified. These data are potentially relevant for CRC patients undergoing T-cell-based immunotherapy.