Discovery of Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase 1 (IDO-1) Inhibitors Based on Ortho -Naphthaquinone-Containing Natural Product.

Research paper by Hongchuan H Zhao, Pu P Sun, Wei W Guo, Yi Y Wang, Ao A Zhang, Linghua L Meng, Chunyong C Ding

Indexed on: 22 Mar '19Published on: 21 Mar '19Published in: Molecules (Basel, Switzerland)


There is great interest in developing small molecules agents capable of reversing tumor immune escape to restore the body's immune system. As an immunosuppressive enzyme, indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO-1) is considered a promising target for oncology immunotherapy. Currently, none of IDO-1 inhibitors have been launched for clinical practice yet. Thus, the discovery of new IDO-1 inhibitors is still in great demand. Herein, a series of diverse -naphthaquinone containing natural product derivatives were synthesized as novel IDO-1 inhibitors. Among them, 1-ene-3-ketone-17-hydroxyl derivative exhibited significantly improved enzymatic and cellular inhibitory activity against IDO-1 when compared to initial lead compounds. Besides, the molecular docking study disclosed that the two most potent compounds and have more interactions within the binding pocket of IDO-1 via hydrogen-bonding, which may account for their higher IDO-1 inhibitory activity.