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Direct cutaneous gene delivery in a human genetic skin disease.

Research paper by K A KA Choate, P A PA Khavari

Indexed on: 10 Oct '97Published on: 10 Oct '97Published in: Human gene therapy



Abstract

The skin is an accessible somatic tissue for therapeutic gene transfer and, depending on therapeutic goals, a variety of cutaneous gene delivery approaches are currently available. Recent advances in direct injection of naked DNA into intact skin have shown promise and are less labor-intensive than approaches involving grafting of genetically modified cells. We have regenerated skin from transglutaminase 1 (TGase1)-deficient patients with the genetic skin disease lamellar ichthyosis (LI) on nude mice to examine the corrective impact of direct naked plasmid injection. Regenerated LI patient skin receiving repeated in vivo injections with a TGase1 expression plasmid displayed restoration of TGase1 expression in the correct tissue location in the suprabasal epidermis. Unlike LI skin regenerated from keratinocytes, first transduced in vitro with a retroviral expression vector for TGase1 prior to grafting, however, directly injected LI skin displayed a nonuniform TGase1 gene expression pattern. In further contrast, direct injection failed to correct the central histologic and functional abnormalities of the disease. These data demonstrate that partial restoration of gene expression can be achieved via direct injection of naked DNA in human genetic skin disease tissue but underscore the need for new advances to achieve efficient and sustained plasmid-based gene delivery to the skin.