Dimensions of Ethnic Identity as Protective Factors for Substance Use and Sexual Risk Behaviors in African American College Students.

Research paper by Angela M Bowman AMB Heads, Angel M AM Glover, Linda G LG Castillo, Shelley S Blozis, Su Yeong SY Kim

Indexed on: 14 Dec '17Published on: 14 Dec '17Published in: Journal of American college health : J of ACH


To examine ethnic identity and ethnic socialization as potential protective factors for risk behaviors among U.S. college students.Participants were 398 African American and Afro-Caribbean students recruited from 30 colleges and universities September 2008 - October 2009.Data on hazardous alcohol use, substance use, sexual behaviors, ethnic identity and ethnic/racial socialization were collected. Hierarchical linear and negative binomial regression analyses were conducted to determine the degree to ethnic identity and ethnic/racial socialization predicted the risk behaviors.Ethnic Identity-affirmation, belonging and commitment (EI-ABC) significantly predicted lower substance use and hazardous alcohol use. Ethnic/racial socialization was not a significant predictor of substance use or sexual risk behaviors.Components of ethnic identity are potentially protective against alcohol and substance use behaviors. Additional research is recommended to determine effective intervention strategies.