DILAND: An Algorithm for Distributed Sensor Localization with Noisy Distance Measurements

Research paper by Usman A. Khan, Soummya Kar, Jose M. F. Moura

Indexed on: 14 Oct '09Published on: 14 Oct '09Published in: Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing


In this correspondence, we present an algorithm for distributed sensor localization with noisy distance measurements (DILAND) that extends and makes the DLRE more robust. DLRE is a distributed sensor localization algorithm in $\mathbb{R}^m$ $(m\geq1)$ introduced in \cite{usman_loctsp:08}. DILAND operates when (i) the communication among the sensors is noisy; (ii) the communication links in the network may fail with a non-zero probability; and (iii) the measurements performed to compute distances among the sensors are corrupted with noise. The sensors (which do not know their locations) lie in the convex hull of at least $m+1$ anchors (nodes that know their own locations.) Under minimal assumptions on the connectivity and triangulation of each sensor in the network, this correspondence shows that, under the broad random phenomena described above, DILAND converges almost surely (a.s.) to the exact sensor locations.