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Differentiating the biological effects of linoleic acid from arachidonic acid in health and disease.

Research paper by Jessie L JL Burns, Manabu T MT Nakamura, David W L DWL Ma

Indexed on: 15 Aug '18Published on: 15 Aug '18Published in: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes & Essential Fatty Acids (PLEFA)



Abstract

Dietary fatty acids are associated with the development of many chronic diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, and several cancers. This review explores the literature surrounding the combined and individual roles of n-6 PUFAs linoleic acid (LA) and arachidonic acid (AA) as they relate to immune and inflammatory response, cardiovascular health, liver health, and cancer. The evidence suggests that a pro-inflammatory view of LA and AA may be over simplified. Overall, this review highlights gaps in our understanding of the biological roles of LA, AA and their complex relationship with n-3 PUFA and the need for future studies that examine the roles of individual fatty acids, rather than groups. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.