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Differential effect of oestrogen on post-exercise cardiac muscle myeloperoxidase and calpain activities in female rats.

Research paper by P M PM Tiidus, S S Zajchowski, D D Enns, D D Holden, E E Bombardier, A N AN Belcastro

Indexed on: 28 Feb '02Published on: 28 Feb '02Published in: Acta physiologica Scandinavica



Abstract

The effects of oestrogen administration on 1 h post-exercise cardiac muscle myeloperoxidase (MPO) and calpain activities were determined in female rats. Rats were ovariectomized and implanted for 2 weeks with either oestrogen (25 mg 17-oestradiol) or placebo pellets or left with ovaries intact. Rats were then run for 1 h at 21 m min-1, 12% grade, killed 1 h post-exercise and cardiac muscle and blood samples were removed. Control animals from each group were killed without prior exercise. Serum oestrogen levels in the order of the highest to lowest were; ovariectomized oestrogen replaced rats > intact ovaries rats > ovariectomized placebo rats. Oestrogen induced significant (P < 0.05) elevations in cardiac MPO activity at rest and at 1 h post-exercise in ovariectomized rats. No significant elevations in cardiac MPO activity were evident in placebo ovariectomized or normal ovary rats at rest or post-exercise. Cardiac calpain activities were similar in all unexercised groups. Ovariectomized placebo and intact ovary rats had significantly (P < 0.05) elevated cardiac calpain activities 1 h post-exercise while calpain activity was not significantly elevated in hearts from ovariectomized oestrogen rats. These results demonstrate that oestrogen supplementation in ovariectomized rats induces elevations in cardiac muscle MPO activities at rest and at 1 h post-exercise. This is opposite to the effect of oestrogen in post-exercise skeletal muscle and implies a greater neutrophil infiltration into cardiac muscle caused by oestrogen. This effect cannot be explained by changes in 1 h post-exercise cardiac muscle calpain activity, the elevation of which was suppressed by oestrogen administration. Oestrogen influences cardiac calpain activity similarly to its effect in skeletal muscle. Thus, oestrogen administration to ovariectomized rats induces elevations in cardiac MPO activity while suppressing cardiac calpain activity.