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Differences between the electronic environments of reduced and oxidized Escherichia coli DsbA inferred from heteronuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

Research paper by J J Couprie, M L ML Remerowski, A A Bailleul, M M Courçon, N N Gilles, E E Quéméneur, N N Jamin

Indexed on: 29 Oct '98Published on: 29 Oct '98Published in: Protein Science



Abstract

DsbA is the strongest protein disulfide oxidant yet known and is involved in catalyzing protein folding in the bacterial periplasm. Its strong oxidizing power has been attributed to the lowered pKa of its reactive active site cysteine and to the difference in thermodynamic stability between the oxidized and the reduced form. However, no structural data are available for the reduced state. Therefore, an NMR study of DsbA in its two redox states was undertaken. We report here the backbone 1HN, 15N, 13C(alpha) 13CO, 1H(alpha), and 13Cbeta NMR assignments for both oxidized and reduced Escherichia coli DsbA (189 residues). Ninety-nine percent of the frequencies were assigned using a combination of triple (1H-13C-15N) and double resonance (1H-15N or 1H-13C) experiments. Secondary structures were established using the CSI (Chemical Shift Index) method, NOE connectivity patterns, 3(J)H(N)H(alpha) and amide proton exchange data. Comparison of chemical shifts for both forms reveals four regions of the protein, which undergo some changes in the electronic environment. These regions are around the active site (residues 26 to 43), around His60 and Pro 151, and also around Gln97. Both the number and the amplitude of observed chemical shift variations are more substantial in DsbA than in E. coli thioredoxin. Large 13C(alpha) chemical shift variations for residues of the active site and residues Phe28, Tyr34, Phe36, Ile42, Ser43, and Lys98 suggest that the backbone conformation of these residues is affected upon reduction.