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Dietary intake of adolescents compared with the Brazilian Food Guide and their differences according to anthropometric data and physical activity.

Research paper by Carla Cristina CC Enes, Betzabeth B Slater

Indexed on: 18 Mar '16Published on: 18 Mar '16Published in: Revista brasileira de epidemiologia = Brazilian journal of epidemiology



Abstract

To assess the dietary intake of adolescents compared with the Brazilian Food Guide and to explore their differences according to anthropometric data and physical activity.A total of 476 adolescents from public schools of Piracicaba, SP, Brazil participated in this study. A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was used to estimate food group intake of adolescents. Height, weight and waist circumference of all participants were measured. Physical activity pattern was determined by questioning about participation in regular sport activities.The prevalence of overweight was 36.1% and 60% were not physically active. 7.8, 7.1, 6.3, and 0.2% of adolescents consumed vegetables, fruits, milk and derivatives, and cereals, respectively, according to recommendations. About 55 and 79% of adolescents consumed excessively oils/fats and sugar/sweets, respectively. Physically active adolescents consumed more cereals, fruits, vegetables, milk and derivatives, and meats and eggs.Most adolescents did not follow the food group recommendations and those who were physically active have healthier food habits.

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