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Dielectrophoretic trapping of selenium nanorods for use in device applications

Research paper by Seyed Reza Mahmoodi, Marzieh Bayati, Somayeh Hosseini Rad, Elham Kamali Heidari, Alireza Foroumadi, Kambiz Gilani

Indexed on: 15 Aug '13Published on: 15 Aug '13Published in: Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics



Abstract

Dielectrophoretic alignment of the Selenium (Se) nanorods is reported for electrical characterization and possible applications as micro/nano devices. Selenium nanorods were successfully synthesized using a reverse microemulsion process. The produced material was investigated structurally using X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscope. Suspensions of the Se powder in the concentration of 0.1 (g/l) were prepared in pure ethanol. Interdigitated platinum electrodes were employed for manipulation of suspended materials in the fluid. When Se particles were exposed to the platinum electrodes in two frequencies of 10 and 100 kHz, dielectrophoretic force captured suspended particles onto the interdigitated micro-electrode array. The trapped Se nanorods were aligned along the electric field lines and bridged the electrode gaps. Dielectrophoretic entrapment of Se nanorods on microelectrode was also detected by impedance measurements. The device was characterized and can potentially be used as a nanodevice.