Indexed on: 19 Oct '10Published on: 19 Oct '10Published in: European Journal of Pharmacology
ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel openers have been shown to protect against cellular damage in neurons, cardiac muscle, and kidney and to effectively reduce nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced gastric damage in rats. We investigated the effects of K(ATP) channel opener diazoxide on small intestinal injury induced in rats by indomethacin administration. The effect of glibenclamide, a K(ATP) channel blocker, was also evaluated. Diazoxide (15, 45 and 135mg/kg) or glibenclamide (18mg/kg), were given by oral gavage 1h before and 6h after indomethacin treatment (20mg/kg p.o.). After 24h, macroscopic and histologic lesions, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and lipid peroxidation levels were evaluated. Diazoxide at 15mg/kg was ineffective, while at doses of 45mg/kg and 135mg/kg was able to significantly improve all damage parameters. Glibenclamide administration enhanced intestinal injury. These results show for the first time a beneficial effect of diazoxide in indomethacin-induced enteritis in the rat. Several mechanisms, such as oxidative phosphorylation uncoupling and hypermotility seem particularly important in NSAID-induced intestinal injury. Such events lead to increased mucosal permeability and to penetration of noxious lumen components, which ignite the inflammatory response. Since K(ATP) channel openers were shown to protect against mitochondrial damage, to reduce intercellular permeability and to relax smooth muscle, we suggest that diazoxide could exert its beneficial effects by one or more of these actions.