Imported: 13 Feb '17 | Published: 18 Jan '11
USPTO - Utility Patents
The present invention relates to a device for fluorescent tube armatures, the device being intended to replace a previously occurring fluorescent tube. The device has a light emitting diode unit (4) comprising at least one electrical drive unit (4.1), which is connected to at least one phase wire, as well as is connected to at least one neutral wire via at least one wire (4.2) comprising at least one light-emitting diode (4.3).
The present invention relates to a device for fluorescent tube armatures, the device being intended to replace an existing fluorescent tube.
Fluorescent tubes are based on the fact that a gas mixture of, for instance, argon and mercury vapour emits light at a satisfactory luminous efficiency when the gas is traversed by an electric current. Since this light substantially consists of UV radiation, the fluorescent tubes are coated on the inside with luminescent materials that react with the UV radiation. The fluorescent tubes have a considerable better luminous efficiency than conventional incandescent lamps, and their service life is longer than what is the case for the incandescent lamps, but finally, they still have to be replaced. This may involve an extensive operation, e.g., in public environments, where great amounts of fluorescent tubes are used.
In applications where fluorescent tubes only are used to illuminate signs, such as, e.g., signs with the text “Emergency Exit”, a quick replacement is necessary so as not to affect the safety negatively. Furthermore, such armatures are in operation around the clock, which entails that replacement of fluorescent tubes has to be carried out relatively often. A fluorescent tube normally used in these armatures consumes approx. 13 W, which, together with the long operating time, also implies a considerable energy consumption if many fluorescent tubes are used in a large establishment complex.
A first object of the present invention is to decrease the need for replacing fluorescent tubes in armatures. A second object of the present invention is to decrease the energy consumption. Thus, the invention comprises a device for fluorescent tube armatures, the device being intended to replace a previously occurring fluorescent tube. The device has a light-emitting diode unit comprising at least one electrical drive unit, which is connected to at least one phase wire, as well as is connected to at least one neutral wire via at least one wire comprising at least one light-emitting diode. The light-emitting diode unit may be a bar, one end of which is connected to a first contact base, which is connected with said at least one phase wire, and the other end of which is connected to a second contact base, which is connected with said at least one neutral wire. Each one of said at least one wire between said at least one drive unit and said at least one neutral wire may have two or more light-emitting diodes connected in series.
As is seen in FIGS. 1 and 2, an exemplary armature comprises a box-shaped casing 1 of sheet-metal plate or another suitable material, the front side 1.1 of which is intended to carry a transilluminatable front, which, however, is not shown in the figures. On the rear wall 1.2 of the casing 1, two brackets 1.3 of sheet-metal plate are fixedly arranged at a horizontal distance from each other. On the bottom of the casing 1, an inductor, a so-called choke, 2 is arranged, which is connected with an electrical phase wire. Each one of the brackets 1.3 carries two contact bases 2.1, 2.2 arranged above each other and in pairs intended to receive fluorescent tubes 3. An exemplary fluorescent tube 3 is shown fitted in the lower pair of contact bases 2.1, 2.2. The upper left contact base 2.1 is connected with a phase wire 7.1 from the inductor 2, while the upper right contact base 2.2 is connected with a neutral wire 7.2.
In the upper pair of contact bases 2.1, 2.2, a light-emitting diode bar 4 according to the invention is fixed as a replacement for the fluorescent tube normally positioned there. Furthermore, in the upper left contact base 2.1, a glow switch 5 is normally arranged for the lighting of a fluorescent tube. Here, said glow switch 5 is removed since it is not needed, and is shown dashed in FIG. 2. The light-emitting diode bar 4 comprises an electrical drive unit 4.1, which is connected to a phase wire 7.1 from the inductor 2 via the left contact base 2.1, as well as is connected to the neutral wire 7.2 in the right contact base 2.2 via a wire 4.2 on which three light-emitting diodes 4.3 connected in series are arranged. The length of the light-emitting diode bar 4, as well as the number of light-emitting diodes 4.3, may vary depending on the length of the original fluorescent tube and the desired light intensity. The light-emitting diodes 4.3 may be provided with reflectors and be vertically and horizontally adjustable. Light-emitting diodes of the kind in question have considerable lower energy consumption than corresponding fluorescent tubes, and therefore the power can be decreased from approx. 13 W to approx. 3 W.
The fluorescent tube 3 shown in FIG. 1, which is arranged in the lower pair of contact bases 2.1, 2.2, is intended to be turned on upon a possible power failure, and is, on that occasion, supplied with current from an electric accumulator 6 having an drive unit pertaining thereto. This fluorescent tube may also be replaced by a light-emitting diode bar according to the invention, which is adapted to accumulator operation. Normally, the operating time of said fluorescent tube is very short, and therefore it does not need to be replaced so often. However, the operating time at accumulator operation can be increased considerably upon a substitution to a light-emitting diode bar according to the invention.
When substituting an occurring fluorescent tube by a light-emitting diode unit, the occurring glow switch is disconnected, alternatively removed from the seat thereof, the occurring power connection between the phase side and neutral side of the fluorescent tube being interrupted. Hence, no other disconnections or switchings need to be made.
The invention is not limited to the embodiments shown herein but may be varied within the scope of the subsequent claims.