Indexed on: 06 Sep '05Published on: 06 Sep '05Published in: Theriogenology
The objective of this study was to explore the feasibility of employing adult fibroblasts as donor cells in interspecies nuclear transfer (NT) between buffaloes and cattle. Buffalo and bovine oocytes matured in vitro for 22 h were enucleated by micromanipulation using the Spindle View system. An ear fibroblast, pretreated with 0.1 microg/mL aphidicolin for 24 h, followed by culture for 2-9 days in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Media+0.5% fetal bovine serum, was introduced into the cytoplast by microinjection. Reconstructed oocytes were activated by exposure to 5 microM ionomycin for 5 min and 2 mM 6-dimethylaminopurine for 3 h. When buffalo adult fibroblasts were used as donor cells, there were no differences (P < 0.75) in the cleavage rate (66.2% versus 64.0%) between bovine and buffalo recipient oocytes, but more embryos derived from bovine cytoplasts developed to blastocysts than from buffalo cytoplasts (13.3% versus 3.0%, P < 0.05). When bovine adult fibroblasts were used as donor nuclei, both cleavage rate (45.3%) and blastocyst yield (4.5%) of NT embryos derived from buffalo cytoplasts were lower than those of NT embryos derived from bovine cytoplasts (65.5 and 11.9%, P < 0.05). The proportion of parthenogenetic buffalo (29.1%) or bovine (35.6%) oocytes developing to blastocysts was higher than those of NT embryos (P < 0.01). Interspecies NT embryos were derived from the donor cells and 55.0-61.9% of them possessed a normal diploid karyotype. In conclusion, embryos reconstructed by interspecies NT of adult fibroblasts between buffaloes and cattle developed to blastocysts, but bovine cytoplasts may direct embryonic development more effectively than buffalo cytoplasts, regardless of donor cell species.