Indexed on: 25 Jan '17Published on: 25 Jan '17Published in: Journal of AOAC International
Silibinin is a natural flavonoid with potent anticancer properties, as shown in both in vitro and in vivo experiments.Various methods have been used for silibinin analysis. Terbium-sensitized fluorescence methods have been widely used for the determination of drugs in pharmaceutical preparations and biological samples in recent years. The present work is aimed at providing a simple analytical method for the quantitative determination of silibinin in aqueous solutions based on the formation of a fluorescent complex with terbium ion. Terbium concentration, pH, and volume of buffer, the important effective parameters for the determination of silibinin by the proposed method, were optimized using response surface methodology. The fluorescence intensity of silibinin was measured at 545 nm using λ<sub>ex</sub> = 334 nm. The developed method was applied for the determination of silibinin in plasma samples after protein precipitation with acetone. Under optimum conditions, the method provided a linear range between 0.10 and 0.50 mg/L, with a coefficient of determination (R<sup>2</sup>) of 0.997. The LOD and LOQ were 0.034 and 0.112 mg/L, respectively. These results indicate that the developed method is a simple, low-cost, and suitable analytical method for the quantification of silibinin in aqueous solution and plasma samples.