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Development of a screening fluorescence polarization immunoassay for the simultaneous detection of fumonisins B₁ and B₂ in maize.

Research paper by Chenglong C Li, Tiejun T Mi, Gea Oliveri GO Conti, Qing Q Yu, Kai K Wen, Jianzhong J Shen, Margherita M Ferrante, Zhanhui Z Wang

Indexed on: 06 May '15Published on: 06 May '15Published in: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry



Abstract

This paper reports the development of a screening fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA) for the simultaneous detection of fumonisins B1 (FB1) and B2 (FB2) in maize. Three FB1 tracers including FB1-fluorescein isothiocyanate isomer I (FB1-FITC), FB1-5-([4,6-dichlorotriazine-2-yl]amino)-fluorescein (FB1-5-DTAF), and FB1-Texas Red-X succinimidyl ester (FB1-TRX) were synthesized and studied to select appropriate tracer-antibody pairs using seven previously produced monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). An FPIA employing the pair of FB1-FITC and mAb 4B9 showing 98.9% cross-reactivity (CR) toward FB2 was used to simultaneously detect FB1 and FB2. Maize flour samples were extracted with methanol/water (2:3, v/v). After optimization, the FPIA revealed a limit of detection (LOD) of 157.4 μg/kg for FB1 and an LOD of 290.6 μg/kg for FB2, respectively. Recoveries were measured for spiked samples of FB1 or FB2 separately, ranging from 84.7 to 93.6%, with a coefficient of variation (CV) of <9.9%. Total time needed for FPIA including sample pretreatment was <30 min. The FPIA was used to screen naturally contaminated maize samples. Results detected by FPIA showed good agreement with that of HPLC-MS/MS with a fit of R(2) = 0.99 for the simultaneous detection of FB1 and FB2. The established method offered a rapid, simple, sensitive, and high-throughput screening tool for the detection of fumonisins in maize.