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Development and feasibility of a community-partnered nutrition intervention targeting rural migrant communities in the Dominican Republic

Research paper by Genevieve Maliszewski PhD, Maithe Enriquez PhD, APRN, An‐Lin Cheng PhD, Pamela Logan RN, BSN, Jennifer Watts MD, MPH

Indexed on: 22 Mar '17Published on: 21 Mar '17Published in: Public Health Nursing



Abstract

Research on health initiatives for rural batey communities in the Dominican Republic is needed.This study utilized a pretest-posttest design to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a nutritional intervention targeting rural migrant sugarcane families. Participants (N = 310) were primarily female (61%) and ranged in age from 13 to 64 years (M = 25.9; SD = 10.4). A convenience sample was recruited from six rural bateyes in the southern region of the Dominican Republic.The intervention was developed for the target population in partnership with a grass-roots organization. The intervention consisted of a short video in the participant's preferred language (Spanish or Creole) describing the importance of consuming a diverse diet. Participants then completed an interactive meal-planning activity to enhance skills learned in the video. The main outcome variable was knowledge and a secondary outcome was participants’ performance on the interactive activity.Results showed that the intervention was well received by the target population and participants demonstrated a significant increase in nutrition knowledge (p < .001). Higher postintervention knowledge scores were positively correlated with higher activity skills scores.This novel intervention may have promise as a practical program to enhance the nutritional status of a vulnerable population of migrant sugarcane workers.