Indexed on: 01 Nov '00Published on: 01 Nov '00Published in: Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology
An association of four bacterial strains with high oil-oxidizing and bioemulsifying activities, psychrophilicity, resistance to chemical pollutants, and lack of pathogenicity was selected from a collection of natural oil-oxidizing microorganisms. A new liquid preparation containing stabilizers and preservatives that maintain cell viability and oil-oxidizing activity during long-term storage was developed. A field experiment in oil-polluted sod-podzol and clay sand soils demonstrated that this preparation accelerated the biodegradation of oil and its individual fractions, especially in the presence of mineral and organic fertilizers. Treatment of oil-polluted soil with this preparation and additives decreased the oil-induced suppression of certain groups of soil microflora.