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‘DEUPHBLISS’

Imported: 13 Feb '17 | Published: 11 Oct '16

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

A new and distinct Euphorbia cyathophora plant named ‘DEUPHBLISS’ characterized by tall plant height with large, ornamental floral bracts. Floral bracts are distinctively colored near Green N137A, Red 42A and Black 203A. Plant height commonly averages 1 meter. Plants have commercial use for cut flowers or ornamental plants.

Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a new, distinct and stable variety of Euphorbia cyathophora, hereinafter referred to as ‘DEUPHBLISS’. The present invention relates to seeds which are the Euphorbia cyathophora ‘DEUPHBLISS’, as well as, plants and plant parts produced by these seeds which have all of the morphological and physiological characteristics of the Euphorbia cyathophora ‘DEUPHBLISS’. The present invention also relates to methods for producing these seeds and plants of the Euphorbia cyathophora ‘DEUPHBLISS’. Furthermore, the present invention relates to a method of producing progeny Euphorbia plants by crossing Euphorbia ‘DEUPHBLISS’, as either the female or seed or male or pollen parent, with another Euphorbia plant and selecting progeny.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a new, distinct and stable variety of Euphorbia cyathophora, and hereinafter referred to by the variety denomination ‘DEUPHBLISS’. The new Euphorbia ‘DEUPHBLISS’ originated from a self-crossing made in a controlled breeding program by the inventor in June 2012, and then first flowered and selected in June 2013, in Mishmar Hashiva, Israel. The parent is the Euphorbia cyathophora proprietary line identified by code EP-101 (unpatented). This proprietary line is the sole parent, as the resulting ‘DEUPHBLISS’ is the result of a self-crossing of this single parent variety.

Euphorbia cyathophora is a member of the Euphorbiaceae family. Euphorbia cyathophora is a vascular land plant, native to Mexico, and now naturalized in most regions of the United States. For the most part, plants of Euphorbia rurale are herbaceous annuals.

To the inventor's best knowledge, there have not been significant commercial efforts to date to hybridize and produce new and interesting Euphorbia cyathophora varieties, although many of species of Euphorbia have been developed extensively for ornamental purposes.

Over time, the inventor has trialed Euphorbia cyathophora and found it may be advantageously grown for ornamental horticultural uses. The inventor found this Genus and species could be employed for commercial cut flower purposes.

Bracts of Euphorbia can be highly ornamental, while true flowers are often insignificant. Many types of Euphorbia, including the commercially known Poinsettia, are grown for the ornamental value of the floral bracts.

Asexual propagation of Euphorbia can be performed by vegetative terminal cuttings, however, this is not common practice; propagation is most commonly performed by sowing seeds.

Methods for cultivation of Euphorbia are moderately well known. Reference to the species can be found in Euphorbia Planetary Biodiversity Inventory (version 2011). Additionally short reference can found in; Euphorbias: A Gardeners' Guide. Timber Press, Portland, Oreg. 192 p.), which is herein incorporated by reference.

The Euphorbia cyathophora seeds and plants produced by this method are uniform with respect their morphological and physiological characteristics.

A need exists for a greater variety of Euphorbia cultivars with practical and attractive ornamental features. Additionally, a need exists for additional Euphorbia cyathophora cultivars that can be easily propagated by seed, with consistent results. The new Euphorbia ‘DEUPHBLISS’ was developed through a controlled breeding program and exhibits unique, desirable and stable characteristics.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention provides Euphorbia plant selections that produce large, colorful ornamental floral bracts on tall plants. Plants of this new variety have shown consistency in producing commercial quantities of large, showy floral bracts on long stems. This interesting feature is both novel and useful, as it can be successfully used in flower bouquets both as featured, or filler stem material. These qualities distinguish the new cultivar from typical Euphorbia cyathophora varieties.

These and other objectives have been achieved in accordance with the present invention which provides ‘DEUPHBLISS’ as a new Euphorbia cultivar that is a product of a planned breeding program conducted by the inventor, Gavriel Danziger, in Moshav Mishmar Hashiva, Israel in 2012. The parent is the Euphorbia cyathophora inbred line identified by code EP-101 (unpatented).

The parental cultivar has a sufficient degree of homozygosity such that the progeny of the cross are genetypically and phenotypically uniform. The new Euphorbia cyathophora ‘DEUPHBLISS’ therefore can be produced by sexual reproduction by self crossing the parent inbred line identified by the code EP-101 to produce a population of progeny plants, each of which has the combination of characteristics as herein disclosed for the new Euphorbia cyathophora ‘DEUPHBLISS’.

Seeds which are variety ‘DEUPHBLISS’ are produced by crossing the parental inbred line identified by the code EP-101 and are deposited with the Korean Collection for Type Cultures (KCTC), Biological Resource Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB), 125 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-806, Korea having deposit Designation. KCTC-12899BP.

OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to seeds which produce Euphorbia cyathophora ‘DEUPHBLISS’. The present invention also relates to Euphorbia plants, and parts thereof; having all the physiological and morphological characteristics of Euphorbia cyathophora ‘DEUPHBLISS’. The present invention relates to a plant produced from seeds which are Euphorbia cyathophora ‘DEUPHBLISS’. The present invention also relates to plant parts, such as pollen, seeds or inflorescence produced by Euphorbia cyathophora ‘DEUPHBLISS’.

The present invention relates to a method of producing seed which are Euphorbia cyathophora ‘DEUPHBLISS’, by performing a self-crossing of Euphorbia cyathophora inbred line identified by code EP-101 (unpatented) and harvesting seeds produced from said cross.

The present invention also relates to a method of producing plants having all the physiological and morphological characteristics of the Euphorbia cyathophora ‘DEUPHBLISS’ comprising the steps of (a) self-crossing Euphorbia cyathophora inbred line identified by code EP-101 (unpatented) (b) harvesting seeds produced from said cross; and (c) producing plants from said harvested seeds.

The present invention also relates to producing progeny plants from the cross of Euphorbia cyathophora ‘DEUPHBLISS’, as the female or male parent, with another Euphorbia plant, and selecting progeny plants from this cross.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPHS

The patent or application file contains at least one drawing executed in color. Copies of this patent or patent application publication with color drawings will be provided by the Office upon request and payment of the necessary fees.

The accompanying photographs illustrate the overall appearance of the new Euphorbia cyathophora ‘DEUPHBLISS’ showing the colors as true as is reasonably possible with colored reproductions of this type. Colors in the photographs may differ slightly from the color values cited in the detailed botanical description which accurately describes the color of ‘DEUPHBLISS’.

DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION

The present invention was created by the inventor, Gavriel Danziger during 2011, and flowered for the first time in 2013 in Mishmar Hashiva, Israel.

This invention is directed to Euphorbia plant having all the morphological and physiological characteristics of the variety ‘DEUPHBLISS’ produced from seeds which are the product of the self-cross of the Euphorbia cyathophora inbred line identified by code EP-101 (unpatented). The parent has a sufficient degree of homozygosity such that the progeny of the cross were, and continue to be, phenotypically uniform. The new variety ‘DEUPHBLISS’ can therefore be produced by sexual reproduction by crossing of the inbred selection identified by the code EP-101 to produce a population of progeny plants, each of which has the combination of characteristics herein disclosed for the new variety ‘DEUPHBLISS’.

The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be unique characteristics of ‘DEUPHBLISS’ which in combination distinguish this Euphorbia as a new and distinct cultivar:

1. Typically 12 red colored floral bracts

2. Unique black margin of floral bracts

3. Tall growth; plants reaching 1 meter in height.

4. Suitability for production and use as a cut flower

The inventor is unaware of other commercial cultivars of Euphorbia cyathophora similar to the new variety ‘DEUPHBLISS’. Search by the inventor has not resulted in discovery of known Euphorbia cyathophora cultivars used for ornamental cut flower purposes.

‘DEUPHBLISS’ has not been tested and observed under all possible environmental conditions. The phenotype of the new cultivar may vary with variations in environment such as temperature, light intensity, frequency of fertilization, composition of fertilizer, acetylene treatment, day length and humidity, without any change in the genotype of the plant.

For example, substantial differences in plant height and diameter, number of leaves, and branches can result depending on the growing conditions. Typically these plants are produced outdoors, and variations in temperature, light conditions and humidity can produce different results.

The aforementioned photographs, together with the following observations, measurements and values describe the new Euphorbia ‘DEUPHBLISS’ as grown outdoors in Moshav Mishmar Hashiva, Israel, under conditions which closely approximate those generally used in commercial practice. Plants of ‘DEUPHBLISS’ were grown outdoors with day temperatures ranging from 28° C. to 30° C. and night temperatures ranging from 19° C. to 20° C. No artificial lighting or photoperiodic treatments were conducted. This open field planting was not shaded.

Color references are made to the Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart (RHS), 2005 mini edition, except where general colors of ordinary significance are used. Color values were taken under daylight conditions in a greenhouse Mishmar Hashiva, Israel. The age of the plants of ‘DEUPHBLISS’ described is about 150 days from planting a seedling plant. The seedling plant is approximately 5 weeks old.

BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION: Euphorbia cyathophora

Parentage:

    • Parent: Euphorbia cyathophora inbred line identified by code EP-101 (unpatented)

Plant:

Growth Habit: upright

Height: Approximately 1 meter

Plant Spread: Approximately 60 cm.

Growth Rate: Approximately 5 months to achieve 100 cm.

Length of Primary Lateral Branches: 75 cm.

Diameter of Lateral Branches: 0.5 cm.

Quantity of Primary Lateral Branches: Average 10 per plant

Texture of Lateral Branches: Glabrous

Lateral Branch Shape: Rounded with ridges.

Lateral Branch Strength: strong, flexible.

Lateral Branch Color: Near RHS Yellow-Green 147B

Internode Length: 6 cm.

Number of Leaves per Lateral Branch: Average 23.

Age of Plant Described: Approximately 150 days.

Foliage:

Arrangement: Alternate, single.

Shape of blade: Elliptic.

Average Length: Approximately 7 cm.

Average Width: Approximately 3.5 cm.

Apex: Apiculate.

Base: Cuneate.

Attachment: Stalked

Margin: Entire

Texture of top surface: Glabrous.

Texture of bottom surface: Scabrous.

Leaf internode length: Approximately 1 cm, 0.5 cm near inflorescence.

Color:

    • Young foliage upper side: Near R.H.S. Green N137
    • Young foliage under side: Near R.H.S Green 137D.
    • Mature foliage upper side: Near R.H.S. Green 137C
    • Mature foliage under side: Near R.H.S. Yellow-Green 147C

Venation:

    • Type: Anastomosing.
    • Venation color upper side: Near R.H.S. Yellow-Green 147B
    • Venation color under side: Near R.H.S. Yellow-Green 147A

Durability of foliage to stresses: Good.

Petiole:

Average Length: Approximately 15 mm.

Diameter: Approximately 2 mm.

Color: Near R.H.S. Yellow-Green 146C

Strength: Strong, flexible.

Inflorescence:

Bloom Period:

Natural Season: May-November. (Israel)

Greenhouse Production: Approximately 6 weeks to flowering

Inflorescence:

Arrangement: Terminal cluster.

Type: Cyathium, irregular.

Height: Approximately 1.5 cm.

Width: Approximately 8 cm.

Bud:

Bud shape: Ovoid.

Bud length: Approximately 5 mm.

Bud diameter: Approximately 3 mm.

Bud color: Near RHS Yellow-Green 146C.

Floral Bracts:

Arrangement: Imbricate.

Shape: Oblanccolate.

Apex: Acute.

Base: Cuneate

Length: 3.0 cm.

Width: 1.0 cm.

Texture: Glabrous

Color:

    • Upper side of immature bract: Near RHS Green N137
    • Under side of immature bract: Near RHS Green 137D
    • Upper side of mature bract: Base and interior near RHS Red 42C With black rim around Red coloration, near RHS 203B. Green near RHS N137A from black rim through bract margin.
    • Under side of mature bract: Near RHS 137C
      Peduncle:

Length: Approximately 0.5 cm.

Diameter: Approximately 2 mm.

Angle: Approximately 45 degrees from center of whorl

Strength: Strong.

Color: Near RHS Yellow-Green 147C.

Pedicel:

Length: Approximately 2 mm.

Diameter: Approximately 1 mm.

Angle: Approximately 45 degrees.

Strength: Flexible

Color: Near RHS Yellow-Green 147C

Fragrance: Not fragrant

Reproductive Organs:

Number of pistils per flower: 1

Pistil Length: Approximately 1 mm.

Stigma shape: Crown like.

Stigma color: Near RHS Yellow 5C.

Style color: Near RHS Yellow 5C

Style length: Approximately 0.5 mm.

Ovary Color: Near RHS Yellow-Green 147B.

Stamens Quantity: 6

Stamen Length: 0.5 mm

Anther shape: Oblate

Anther Size: 0.1 mm

Anther color: Near RHS Green-Yellow 1B

Pollen color: Near RHS Yellow 5A

Pollen Quantity: Moderate

Temperature tolerance: Tolerates a range from approximately −5° C. to 40° C.

Seeds/Fruit:

Fruits

Shape: 3 compartment capsule

Length: Approximately 5 mm.

Width: Approximately 4 mm

Color: Near RHS Green N137A

Texture: Smooth

Seeds

Shape: oblong

Color: Near RHS Black 203A

Length: 1 mm

Width: 0.5 mm.

DISEASE/PEST RESISTANCE AND SUSCEPTIBILITY: Neither resistance nor susceptibility to normal diseases and pests of Euphorbia observed.

Claims

1. A Euphorbia plant named ‘DEUPHBLISS’, representative seed deposited at the Korean Collection for Type Cultures (KCTC) having deposit Designation KCTC-12666BP.
2. A Euphorbia seed hat produces the plant of claim 1.
3. A plant part obtained from the Euphorbia plant of claim 1.
4. A method of producing Euphorbia progeny plant comprising the steps of
(a) crossing Euphorbia DEUPHBLISS′, produced from representative seed deposited with the Korean Collection for Type Cultures (KCTC,) having deposit Designation KCTC-12899BP as a female or male parent with a second Euphorbia plant, and (b) selecting progeny.
(a) crossing Euphorbia DEUPHBLISS′, produced from representative seed deposited with the Korean Collection for Type Cultures (KCTC,) having deposit Designation KCTC-12899BP as a female or male parent with a second Euphorbia plant, and (b) selecting progeny.
5. The method according to claim 4, wherein the second Euphorbia plant is ‘DEUPHBLISS.
6. A hybrid progeny plant produced by the method of claim 4 wherein the second Euphorbia plant is other than ‘DEUPHBLISS’.