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Determination of Elements Profile of Some Wild Edible Plants

Research paper by Ali Aberoumand, S. S. Deokule

Indexed on: 08 Jul '08Published on: 08 Jul '08Published in: Food Analytical Methods



Abstract

Fruits and leafy vegetables are believed to occupy a modest place as a source of trace elements due to their high water content. Most of nutrient requirements can be met by increasing the consumption of fruits and vegetables to 5–13 servings/day. In addition to meeting nutrient intake levels, greater consumption of fruits and vegetables is associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, and cancers of the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, lungs, stomach, and colon. Therefore, vegetable and fruit consumption prevents sickness in population. Results in this research showed that Portulaca oleracia Linn. contains high value of macro-elements such as sodium (7.17 mg/g), potassium (14.71 mg/g), and calcium (18.71 mg/g), and high ash value in comparison with other plants. Also, Eulophia ochreata Lindl. has maximum micro-elements such as iron (5.04 mg/g) and zinc (3.83 mg/g) in comparison with other plants in this study. Therefore, we can conclude that P. oleracia Linn. has high nutritional values from the viewpoint of macro-elements such as sodium, potassium, and calcium; and because E. ochreata Lindl. has micro-elements in maximum amounts such as iron and zinc in comparison with other edible plants, it has high nutritional value from the viewpoint of the above trace (micro) elements. Momordica dioicia Roxb. or Cordia myxa Roxb have the lowest nutritional values because they have ash minimum values. M. dioicia Roxb. contains minimum values of sodium and calcium, but C. myxa Roxb. has zinc minimum value. Alocacia indica Sch., Asparagus officinalis DC., Chlorophytum comosum Linn., C. myxa Roxb., E. ochreata Lindl. have medium nutritional values.