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Determination of Chlorothalonil Residue in Cabbage by a Modified QuEChERS-Based Extraction and Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry

Research paper by Fan Hou, Liuwei Zhao, Fengmao Liu

Indexed on: 26 Jun '15Published on: 26 Jun '15Published in: Food Analytical Methods



Abstract

Being susceptible to any matrix with pH >5, taking cabbage as an example, the low recovery of chlorothalonil residues adsorbed onto the cabbage matrix was almost completely improved by extracting with 1/1 (v/v) acetonitrile (containing 5 % acetic acid)/toluene. Under the optimized conditions, the recoveries of chlorothalonil in cabbage fortified at three concentrations of 0.5 to 10 mg kg−1 were 71–93 % with relative standard deviations (RSDs) lower than 6 %. The limit of detection (LOD) and the limit of quantification (LOQ) of the gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) method for chlorothalonil were 0.05 and 0.5 mg kg−1, respectively, which were much lower than the maximum residue limits (MRLs). The proposed analytical method demonstrated a potential for its application to monitor for chlorothalonil and to help assure food safety, especially base-sensitive-pesticide analysis.