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Determination of cadmium and bismuth in high-purity zinc metal by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with on-line matrix separation.

Research paper by Y Y Sayama, Y Y Hayashibe, M M Fukuda

Indexed on: 01 Sep '95Published on: 01 Sep '95Published in: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry



Abstract

Traces of cadmium and bismuth in high-purity zinc metal were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) in combination with flow injection (FI) on-line matrix separation (FI-ICP-MS). The anion-exchange separation method of the potassium iodide (KI) system was applied to the separation of the analytes from the matrix zinc. The analytes, cadmium and bismuth, were adsorbed on the anion-exchange (BIO. RAD AG1-X8) mini-column (1.0 mm i.d.x 100 mm bed length), while the matrix zinc can be completely removed from the anion-exchange resin. The analytes were eluted by 2 mol/l HNO(3) and directly introduced into the ICP-MS. The detection limits (D.L.) obtained by using a single injection (350 microl) were 0.81 and 0.075 ng g(-1) for cadmium and bismuth, respectively. In the case of multi-injection concentration onto the anion-exchange mini-column (five injections 350 microl each), the detection limits could be improved to 0.16 and 0.014 ng g(-1) for cadmium and bismuth, respectively. The reproducibilities of the single injection and the multi-injection method were satisfactory with a relative standard deviation of less than 5% (at the 10 and 1 ng ml(-1) level for the single injection and the multi-injection method, respectively). The method was successfully applied to the determination of trace impurities in four samples of high-purity zinc metal (7 nines grade) and three standard reference materials of high-purity unalloyed zinc samples (from NIST).