Determinants of job satisfaction: a European comparison of self-employed and paid employees

Research paper by José María Millán, Jolanda Hessels, Roy Thurik, Rafael Aguado

Indexed on: 11 Nov '11Published on: 11 Nov '11Published in: Small Business Economics


The job satisfaction of self-employed and paid-employed workers is analyzed using the European Community Household Panel for the EU-15 covering the years 1994–2001. We distinguish between two types of job satisfaction: job satisfaction in terms of type of work and job satisfaction in terms of job security. Findings from our generalized ordered logit regressions indicate that self-employed individuals as compared to paid employees are more likely to be satisfied with their present jobs in terms of type of work and less likely to be satisfied in terms of job security. The findings also provide many insights into the determinants of the two types of job satisfaction for both self-employed and paid-employed workers.