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Detection of single-base mismatch at distal end of DNA duplex by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.

Research paper by Toshiyuki T Ito, Kazuo K Hosokawa, Mizuo M Maeda

Indexed on: 19 Sep '06Published on: 19 Sep '06Published in: Biosensors and Bioelectronics



Abstract

Herein, we report an anomalous electrochemical behavior of surface-bound DNA duplex that has single-base mismatches at its distal end. Single-stranded 15-base DNA was immobilized at its 5'end onto gold electrode surfaces. After hybridization with complementary or mismatched DNA, electrochemical impedance spectra were obtained using [Fe(CN)(6)]3-/4- as redox marker ions. Hybridization with the complementary DNA reduced the charge-transfer resistance (R(CT)), whereas single-base mismatches at the distal end of the duplex largely increased the R(CT). This anomaly was found only with the distal end: the increase in R(CT) was not observed for mismatches at either the middle or the proximal end. These results indicate that electrochemical detection of single-base alterations at an end of sample DNA is exceptionally easy because of the diametrically opposite responses. This detection principle is promising for the typing of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in combination with the single-base primer extension protocol.