Quantcast

Detection of anal sphincter defects in female patients with fecal incontinence: a comparison of 3-dimensional transperineal ultrasound and 2-dimensional endoanal ultrasound.

Research paper by Daniëlla M J DM Oom, Rachel L RL West, W Rudolph WR Schouten, Anneke B AB Steensma

Indexed on: 19 May '12Published on: 19 May '12Published in: Diseases of the Colon & Rectum



Abstract

Endoanal ultrasound is widely used for the detection of external and internal anal sphincter defects in patients with fecal incontinence. Recently, 3-dimensional transperineal ultrasound has been introduced as a noninvasive imaging method for the detection of these sphincter defects.This study was designed to assess agreement between 3-dimensional transperineal ultrasound and 2-dimensional endoanal ultrasound regarding the detection of anal sphincter defects in women with fecal incontinence.This study was designed as a prospective observational study.The study took place in a university hospital.Between October 2008 and June 2009, all women with concerns of fecal incontinence underwent 2-dimensional endoanal ultrasound as well as 3-dimensional transperineal ultrasound.The main outcome measures are the presence of external and internal anal sphincter defects.Fifty-five patients were included. External and internal anal sphincter defects were observed with 2-dimensional endoanal ultrasound in 27 (49%) and 15 (27%) patients. Three-dimensional transperineal ultrasound detected an external and internal sphincter defect in 19 (35%) and 16 (29%) patients. The Cohen κ coefficient for the detection of external (κ = 0.63) and internal (κ = 0.78) anal sphincter defects was good.This study's limitations include the absence of a surgical examination as the reference standard in the determination of sphincter defects.This study shows good agreement between 3-dimensional transperineal ultrasound and 2-dimensional endoanal ultrasound regarding the detection of anal sphincter defects. Based on these data, 3-dimensional transperineal ultrasound might be considered as a valuable alternative noninvasive investigation method.