Indexed on: 01 Jun '18Published on: 28 May '18Published in: Japanese journal of applied physics (2008)
The main drawback of electromagnetic acoustic transducers (EMATs) is their low energy transition efficiency. For the purpose of increasing the amplitude of the received signal, a ferrite core (FC) and a bias magnet (BM) are utilized respectively to improve the EMAT’s excitation performance in this paper. It indicates that the new configurations can increase the peak-to-peak amplitude of the received signal by a factor of 2.7 and 2.9, respectively. The reasons for the signal enhancement are also investigated through simulation and experimental methods. For the FC EMAT, improvement is achieved due to the enhancement of the dynamic magnetic field and the increase of coil inductance. In comparison, the change of the magnetostrictive transduction mechanism leads to the signal enhancement for the BM EMAT. The bias magnet magnetized the surface of the steel plate, which changes the signal excitation mechanism from domain wall movement to reversible domain rotations.