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Deprivation and ethnicity impact on diabetes control and use of treatment regimen.

Research paper by R J RJ Thompson, K K Agostini, L L Potts, J J Luscombe, D D Christie, R R Viner, B B White, P C PC Hindmarsh

Indexed on: 25 Sep '12Published on: 25 Sep '12Published in: Diabetic Medicine



Abstract

Deprivation and/or ethnicity impact on care delivery. We have assessed how these factors influence diabetes care in a paediatric clinic.We related access to care [type of insulin treatment regimen-twice daily, multiple daily injections and insulin pump therapy (continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion)], measures of care process (HbA(1c)) and an approximate measure of satisfaction with the service (clinic attendance rate) in 325 (170 male) children and young people with Type 1 diabetes (mean age 10.6 years, mean duration of diabetes of 4.5 years), with indices of deprivation and ethnicity.Of the 325 children and young people, 2.7% received twice-daily insulin, 48.4% multiple daily injections and 48.9% continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion. Median clinic HbA(1c) was 62 mmol/mol (7.8%) and those receiving the insulin pump therapy had the lowest HbA(1c). Four ethnic groups were represented; White British 81.6%, Asian non-Indian 6.5%, African 8.1% and Asian Indian 3.8%. Mean deprivation score was 21.06. White British and Asian Indian groups were more likely to receive insulin pump therapy (χ(2) = 50.3; P < 0.001). Attendance rates were 94.1% and did not differ across ethnic groups. Deprivation was related to ethnicity and HbA(1c) (R(2) = 0.02; P = 0.02). There was no relationship between clinic attendance and deprivation. Insulin regimen and ethnicity were associated with HbA(1c) (R(2) = 0.096; P < 0.001). Similar findings were obtained when analysis was confined to the White British population.These data suggest that deprivation and ethnicity influence diabetes control and how intensive insulin therapy is utilized. A better consideration of the needs of different ethnic groups is required to ensure equitable care delivery in paediatric diabetes.