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Deoxyguanosine kinase deficiency: a report of four patients.

Research paper by Özlem Ö Ünal, Burcu B Hişmi, Mustafa M Kılıç, Hayriye Hızarcıoğlu HH Gülşen, Turgay T Coşkun, Serap Hatice SH Sivri, Ali A Dursun, Aysel A Yüce, Ayşegül A Tokatlı

Indexed on: 12 May '17Published on: 12 May '17Published in: Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism : JPEM



Abstract

Hepatic involvement is a common feature in childhood mitochondrial disorders. Deoxyguanosine kinase (DGUOK) deficiency is one of the mitochondrial DNA depletion syndromes associated with hepatocerebral syndrome. Hepatic disease and neurologic dysfunction occurs within weeks after birth. Low birth weight is one of the common features. This study aims to describe the clinical and laboratory features of four infants carrying four different pathogenic variants in the DGUOK gene.Common clinical findings were progressive cholestatic liver failure, hypoglycemia, hypotonia and rotatory nystagmus in our DGUOK deficiency patients. Lactic acidosis, elevated serum tyrosine and ferritin levels were the striking laboratory features. Cholestasis, iron deposits, microvesicular steatosis and fibrosis were the histopathological findings seen in liver biopsies of two patients. All patients died with multi-organ failure between the ages of 42 days and 6 months.While neurologic findings may occur later in the course of the disease, elevated serum tyrosine levels may alert the physicians to a DGUOK deficiency in a baby with hepatopathy in the presence of the mentioned signs. Early diagnosis is important not only for genetic counseling but also for a possible liver transplantation.

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