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Dental caries in Uruguayan adults and elders: findings from the first Uruguayan National Oral Health Survey.

Research paper by Licet L Álvarez, Judith J Liberman, Soledad S Abreu, Carolina C Mangarelli, Marcos B MB Correa, Flávio Fernando FF Demarco, Susana S Lorenzo, Gustavo G GG Nascimento

Indexed on: 17 Sep '15Published on: 17 Sep '15Published in: Cadernos de saude publica



Abstract

This study aimed to assess dental caries status and associated factors in Uruguayan adults and elders using data from the first Uruguayan National Oral Health Survey. Data were representative of the country as a whole. Socio-demographic information was collected with a closed questionnaire. Dental caries was assessed by clinical examination using the DMFT index. The final sample consisted of 769 participants. Mean DMFT was 15.20 and 24.12 for the 35-44 and 65-74-year age groups, respectively. Mean number of decayed teeth was 1.70 in adults and 0.66 in elders. Multivariate analyses showed higher prevalence of dental caries associated with age 65-74 years, low socioeconomic status, use of public dental services, presence of gingivitis; for decayed teeth, age 35-44 years, low socioeconomic status, use of public dental services, infrequent tooth brushing, need for oral health care, and presence of root caries showed higher severity. Uruguayan adults and elders from disadvantaged backgrounds concentrated a heavier burden of dental caries.