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Dental Age in Southwest Germany A Radiographic Study

Research paper by Sibylle Frucht, Christina Schnegelsberg, Jürgen Schulte-Mönting, Edmund Rose, Irmtrud Jonas

Indexed on: 01 Sep '00Published on: 01 Sep '00Published in: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics / Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie



Abstract

A cross-sectional study was undertaken in order to assess the dental age of healthy Southwest German boys and girls between the ages of 2 and 20 years by evaluating 1,003 panoramic radiographs. Dental age was assessed according to the method of Demirjian et al. All permanent teeth of the lower left jaw except the third molar were rated, the development of each tooth was divided into 8 defined stages.Statistical evaluation revealed a correlation betweeen the parameters chronological age and score sum of r = 0.85 for girls and r = 0.89 for boys. The values of the score sum in relation to chronological age were distributed as in a logistic function. Two gender-specific equations for calculating dental age were devised and a marked sexual dimorphism was found. With the beginning of root formation, the girls showed accelererated development.The fact that dental age distribution in Southwest Germany is not significantly correlated to that of a French-Canadian collective underlines Demirjian's demand for regional standards of dental development to be calculated using his score system.