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Densification and mechanical properties of shock-treated alumina and its composites

Research paper by M. Bengisu, O. T. Inal

Indexed on: 01 Jan '94Published on: 01 Jan '94Published in: Journal of Materials Science



Abstract

The effects of shock treatment and consolidation method on densification behaviour and mechanical properties of Al2O3, Al2O3-ZrO2, Al2O3-SiC (whisker), and Al2O3-ZrO2-SiC (whisker) have been studied. It was established that shock treatment does not improve the sintering kinetics of alumina or alumina-based composites. On the other hand, partial shock compaction followed by sintering provided higher densities compared to sintering alone. Unshocked and pressureless sintered materials possessed better mechanical properties than shock-treated materials, in general. No significant difference was noted in the mechanical properties of hot-pressed Al2O3-ZrO2 composites with regard to shock treatment. Improved mechanical properties were occasionally found in shock-treated and hot-pressed whisker-reinforced alumina, although a direct relationship with shock pressure was not observed. The improvement was attributed to decreased whisker aspect ratios upon shock treatment, leading to enhanced microstructural uniformity.