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Degree of conversion and microhardness of bulk-fill dental composites polymerized by LED and QTH light curing units.

Research paper by Maryam M Pirmoradian, Tabassom T Hooshmand, Siavash S Jafari-Semnani, Foroogh F Fadavi

Indexed on: 23 Dec '19Published on: 22 Dec '19Published in: Journal of Oral Biosciences



Abstract

The degree of monomer conversion is crucial in determining the mechanical and clinical performance of dental resin composites. This study investigated the polymerization adequacy of two bulk-fill resin composites polymerized by Quartz-Tungsten-Halogen (QTH) and Light Emitting Diode (LED) light curing units at different depths. Two bulk-fill resin composites (X-tra Fil; Voco and Tetric N-Ceram Bulk-fill; Ivoclar-Vivadent) with diameters of 7 mm and thicknesses of 1 to 4 mm were prepared and light-cured by LED or QTH. Then, the degree of conversion (DC) and microhardness of the two bulk-fill composites were evaluated. The microhardness of X-tra fill was significantly higher than that of Tetric N-Ceram polymerized by LED or QTH. The microhardness and DC of X-tra fil exhibited no significant difference among the increments regardless of type of light source. The DC, however, significantly decreased in deep increments for Tetric N-Ceram polymerized by QTH. The polymerization efficacies of the two bulk-fill composites were different in terms of the depth of cure and type of light source. The DC and microhardness of the X-tra fill bulk-fill composite polymerized by either QTH or LED did not decrease up to a thickness of 4 mm. Thus, new generations of LED light sources are better options for polymerizing the bulk-fill resin composites than QTH. Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.