Indexed on: 01 Oct '01Published on: 01 Oct '01Published in: World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Degradation kinetics of phenol by free and agar-entrapped cells of Candida tropicalis was studied in batch cultures. The initial phenol degradation rate achieved with free cells was higher than that obtained with immobilized cells, when phenol concentrations up to 1000 mg l−1 were used. However, at higher phenol concentrations, the behaviour was quite different. The initial degradation rate of the immobilized yeast cells was about 10 times higher than that of the free cells, at a phenol concentration of 3500 mg l−1. The semicontinuous and continuous degradation of phenol by immobilized yeast cells was also investigated in a multi-stage fluidized bed reactor. The highest phenol removal efficiencies and degradation rates as well as the lowest values of residual phenol and chemical oxygen demand were obtained in the semicontinuous culture when phenol concentrations up to 1560 mg l−1 were used.