Indexed on: 05 Mar '16Published on: 05 Mar '16Published in: The Kurume medical journal
The outcomes of induction chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy for hypopharyngeal carcinoma were analyzed to determine whether response to induction chemotherapy could be a useful parameter for selecting candidates for organ-preserving therapy.Forty-three patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma were treated with definitive radiotherapy with or without concurrent chemotherapy following induction chemotherapy. The predominant induction chemotherapy regimens involved cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil with or without docetaxel. The patients that responded to the induction chemotherapy received definitive organ-preserving treatment. Patients who did not respond to induction chemotherapy were considered for surgery, but only those patients who underwent definitive radiotherapy were analyzed in this study. Conventional radiotherapy was administered in all patients. The associations between clinical parameters including age, sex, performance status (PS), tumor site, T-category, N-category, stage, the regimen of induction chemotherapy, the response to induction chemotherapy, the presence/absence of concurrent chemotherapy, overall survival (OS), and local control (LC) were analyzed.Among the surviving patients, the follow-up period ranged from 10-145 months (median: 46 months). The 3-year OS and LC rates for all 43 patients were 61% and 70%, respectively. The 3-year OS and LC rates of the responders were 73% and 81%, respectively, whereas those of the non-responders were 29% and 40%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, only PS was correlated with overall survival (p=0.03). The complication rates were acceptable in all groups.Responders to induction chemotherapy appear to be good candidates for definitive organ-preserving treatment. Chemoselection appears to aid treatment selection in patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma.