Defect structure and hardness in nanocrystalline CoCrFeMnNi High-Entropy Alloy processed by High-Pressure Torsion

Research paper by Anita Heczel, Megumi Kawasaki, János L. Lábár, Jae-il Jang, Terence G. Langdon, Jenő Gubicza

Indexed on: 08 Apr '17Published on: 01 Apr '17Published in: Journal of Alloys and Compounds


An equiatomic CoCrFeMnNi High-Entropy Alloy (HEA) produced by arc melting was processed by High-Pressure Torsion (HPT). The evolution of the microstructure during HPT was investigated after ¼, ½, 1 and 2 turns using electron backscatter diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The spatial distribution of constituents was studied by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The dislocation density and the twin-fault probability in the HPT-processed samples were determined by X-ray line profiles analysis. It was found that the grain size was gradually refined from ∼60 μm to ∼30 nm while the dislocation density and the twin-fault probability increased to very high values of about 194 × 1014 m−2 and 2.7%, respectively, at the periphery of the disk processed for 2 turns. The hardness evolution was measured as a function of the distance from the center of the HPT-processed disks. After 2 turns of HPT, the microhardness increased from ∼1440 MPa to ∼5380 MPa at the disk periphery where the highest straining is achieved. The yield strength was estimated as one-third of the hardness and correlated to the microstructure.

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