Deep wide field HI imaging of Messier 31

Research paper by Laurent Chemin, Claude Carignan, Tyler Foster

Indexed on: 15 Jan '10Published on: 15 Jan '10Published in: arXiv - Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics


We report on preliminary results from a new deep 21-cm survey of the Andromeda galaxy, based on observations performed with the Synthesis Telescope and the 26-m antenna at DRAO. The HI distribution and kinematics of the disc are analyzed and basic dynamical properties are derived. New HI structures are discovered, like thin HI spur-like structures and an external arm in the disc outskirts. The HI spurs are related to perturbed stellar clumps outside the main disc of M31. The external arm lies on the far, receding side of the galaxy and has no obvious counterpart in the opposite side. These HI perturbations probably result from tidal interactions with companions. It is found a dynamical mass of 4.7 +/- 0.5 x10^11 Msol enclosed within a radius R = 38 kpc and a total mass of ~1 x10^12 Msol inside the virial radius.