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Decreased expression in nuclear factor-κB essential modulator due to a novel splice-site mutation causes X-linked ectodermal dysplasia with immunodeficiency.

Research paper by Shuhei S Karakawa, Satoshi S Okada, Miyuki M Tsumura, Yoko Y Mizoguchi, Norioki N Ohno, Shin'ichiro S Yasunaga, Motoaki M Ohtsubo, Tomoki T Kawai, Ryuta R Nishikomori, Takemasa T Sakaguchi, Yoshihiro Y Takihara, Masao M Kobayashi

Indexed on: 02 Jul '11Published on: 02 Jul '11Published in: Journal of Clinical Immunology



Abstract

X-linked ectodermal dysplasia with immunodeficiency (XL-ED-ID) is caused by hypomorphic mutations in NEMO, which encodes nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) essential modulator. We identified a novel mutation, 769-1 G>C, at the splicing acceptor site of exon 7 in NEMO in a Japanese patient with XL-ED-ID. Although various abnormally spliced NEMO messenger RNAs (mRNAs) were observed, a small amount of wild-type (WT) mRNA was also identified. Decreased NEMO protein expression was detected in various lineages of leukocytes. Although one abnormally spliced NEMO protein showed residual NF-κB transcription activity, it did not seem to exert a dominant-negative effect against WT-NEMO activity. CD4(+) T cell proliferation was impaired in response to measles and mumps, but not rubella. These results were consistent with the clinical and laboratory findings of the patient, suggesting the functional importance of NEMO against specific viral infections. The 769-1 G>C mutation is responsible for decreased WT-NEMO protein expression, resulting in the development of XL-ED-ID.