Decreased ADP-ribosylation of the Galpha(olf) and Galpha(s) subunits by high glucose in pancreatic B-cells.

Research paper by H H HH Phan, C C Boissard, M M Pessah, K K Regnauld, S S Emami, C C Gespach, G G Rosselin

Indexed on: 25 Apr '00Published on: 25 Apr '00Published in: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications


In HIT-T15 insulinoma B-cells incubated in presence of [(32)P]NAD, we identified by autoradiography and immunoblotting ADP-ribosylation (ADP-R) of the trimeric G-protein Galpha(s) and Galpha(olf) subunits (45 kDa) induced by cholera toxin in M1 (120,000g) and M2 (70,000g) subcellular fractions containing plasma membranes, insulin granules, and mitochondria. This ADP-R indicates that these two fractions contain functionally competent Galpha subunits for adenylyl cyclase activation. Prolonged exposure of HIT-T15 cells to high glucose (25 mM instead of 6 mM) specifically reduced the ADP-R in Galpha(s) and Galpha(olf) subunits in the M1 fraction only, despite the clear increase of their accumulation in this compartment. A similar alteration in the ADP-R of the M1-associated Galpha(s) and Galpha(olf) subunits was observed in pancreatic islets isolated from fasted and fed rats. These results may explain, at least in part, the undesirable effects of sustained hyperglycemia on the cAMP-dependent process of insulin secretion in diabetes.

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