Cytological studies of carcinogen-treated bovine pancreatic ductal organ explants

Research paper by James H. Resau, Raymond T. Jones

Indexed on: 01 Jan '84Published on: 01 Jan '84Published in: Virchows Archiv. B, Cell pathology including molecular pathology


In order to develop a model to study cytological alterations in human pancreatic cancer, we have exposed bovine pancreatic ductal organ expiants to a single dose of 2.5 μg per ml ofN-methyl-N-nitroso-N’-nitroguanidine (MNNG). At serial time intervals, contact cytology smears of the expiants were prepared and stained with the Papanicolaou stain. Control samples contained classic tall columnar and cuboidal ductal cells. Cells were uniform in size, shape, staining characteristics, and nuclear morphology. Ductal expiants exposed to MNNG progressed through a series of dysplastic and atypical stages during the first 5 to 12 days in culture. Chromatin became increasingly more granular and nucleoli increased in both number and size. Exposed cells were larger than controls and had many dysplastic features. From day 15 to 30, the cells underwent changes morphologically consistent with those of human pancreatic adenocarcinomas.