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Cytochrome P450 2A isoenzymes in freshly prepared blood lymphocytes isolated from rats and validation as a biomarker for clinical studies in humans.

Research paper by Amit A Sharma, Konka K Dinesh, Sanjay S Yadav, Swatantra K SK Jain, Mohan C MC Pant, Devendra D Parmar

Indexed on: 01 Sep '12Published on: 01 Sep '12Published in: Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems



Abstract

1. The present study aimed to identify the expression of carcinogen metabolizing cytochrome P4502A (CYP2A) isoenzymes in freshly prepared rat peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) isolated from adult rats and investigate similarities in the regulation of lymphocyte CYP2A-isoenzymes with the tissue enzyme. 2. qRT-PCR studies demonstrated significant constitutive mRNA expression of CYP2A-isoenzymes in PBL isolated from male and female rats which further increases significantly after pretreatment with nicotine or 3-methylcholanthrene (MC) indicating responsiveness of CYP2A-isoenzymes in PBL. This increase in the CYP2A expression was associated with an increase in the protein expression and CYP2A3-dependent coumarin hydroxylase (COH) activity in PBL. 3. Clinical studies further demonstrated significant increase in the expression of CYP2A6 and associated enzyme activity in PBL isolated from lung cancer patients. Our data thus provided evidence for similarities in the regulation of carcinogen metabolizing CYP2A-isoenzymes in PBL with the tissue enzymes. Further, responsiveness of blood CYP2A6 in human blood lymphocytes isolated from lung cancer patients has led us to suggest that associating expression profiles of CYP2A6 and other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)-responsive CYPs in PBL with the genotyping data could lead to the development of a possible screen to monitor and predict environment-induced diseases and toxicity in humans.