Indexed on: 14 Jul '18Published on: 14 Jul '18Published in: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Linkage isomerization of the cyanide on the [2Fe] sub-site of the [FeFe]-Hase active site was reported to occur during the docking of various synthetic diiron complexes onto a carrier protein, apoHydF, as the initial step for the artificial maturation of the [FeFe]-H2ase enzyme (Berggren, et al., Nature, 2013, 499, 66-70). An investigation of our triiron organometallic models (FeFe-CN/NC-Fe') revealed that, once a Fe-CN-Fe connection is formed, high barriers prevent such cyanide linkage isomerization (Chem. Sci., 2016, 7, 3710-3719). To explore effects of variable oxidation states of the receiver unit, we introduce copper(I/II) fragments, precedented in Holm's models of cytochrome C oxidase to induce cyanide isomerization (Cu-CN/NC-Fe), to the diiron synthetic analogues of [FeFe]-Hase. For comparison, a zinc variant of the cytochrome C oxidase model is also examined. According to the oxidation state of copper, a cyanide flip was induced during the formation of both Zn-NC-Cu and FeFe-CN-Cu complexes. Density Functional Theory calculations are used to predict the mechanisms for such linkage isomerization and account for optimal conditions including oxidation states of metals, spin states, and solvation. These results, on synthetic paradigms, imply a role for oxidation state control of cyanide isomerization during hydrogenase active site assembly.