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Cut-off value of FEV 1 /FEV 6 to determine airflow limitation using handheld spirometry in subjects with risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Research paper by Yong Il YI Hwang, Youlim Y Kim, Chin Kook CK Rhee, Deog Kyeom DK Kim, Yong Bum YB Park, Kwang Ha KH Yoo, Ki-Suck KS Jung, Chang Youl CY Lee

Indexed on: 25 Jun '20Published on: 25 Jun '20Published in: The Korean journal of internal medicine



Abstract

Postbronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV)/forced vital capacity (FVC) less than 0.7 using spirometry is the golden standard to diagnose airf low limitation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Recently, measuring FEV has been suggested as an alternative to measure FVC. Studies about the cut-off value for FEV/FEV to diagnose airflow limitation have shown variable results, with values between 0.7 and 0.8. The purpose of this study was to determine the best cut-off value of FEV/FEV to detect airflow limitation using handheld spirometry. We recruited subjects over 40 years of age with smoking history over 10 pack-years. Participants underwent measurements with both handheld spirometry and conventional spirometry. We calculated the sensitivity and specificity of the value of FEV/FEV using receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis to obtain the diagnostic accuracy of handheld spirometry to detect airflow limitation. A total of 290 subjects were enrolled. Their mean age and smoking amount were 63.1 years and 31.6 pack-years, respectively. According to our ROC curve analysis, when FEV/FEV ratio was 73%, sensitivity and specificity were the maximum and the area under the ROC curve was 0.93, showing an excellent diagnostic accuracy. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 86.7%, 89.7%, 88.0%, and 88.5%, respectively. Participants with FEV/FEV ≤ 73% had lower FEV predicted value compared to those with FEV/FEV > 73% (65.4% vs. 86.5%, p < 0.001). In summary, we demonstrate that the value of 73% in FEV/FEV using handheld spirometry has the best sensitivity and specificity to detect airflow limitation in subjects with risk of COPD.