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Current approaches to the initial treatment of symptomatic multiple myeloma.

Research paper by Jagoda K JK Jasielec, Andrzej J AJ Jakubowiak

Indexed on: 29 Nov '13Published on: 29 Nov '13Published in: International journal of hematologic oncology



Abstract

The treatment of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma has dramatically changed since the emergence of proteasome inhibitors and immunomodulatory drugs. Front-line combination regimens incorporating novel drugs such as thalidomide, bortezomib and lenalidomide, have significantly improved response rates and are the standard of care for induction regimens. Although the timing and role of autologous stem cell transplant are now being questioned, it remains an important part of the treatment paradigm in eligible patients. In addition, the concept of extended sequential therapy has recently emerged, including consolidation and/or maintenance in both the post-transplant setting and in nontransplant candidates. In this article we focus on management strategies in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, including choice of induction regimens in transplant-eligible and -ineligible patients, as well as the role of autologous stem cell transplant, consolidation therapy and maintenance therapy.