Indexed on: 04 Mar '00Published on: 04 Mar '00Published in: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
The effect of different types of added oil on the formation of a discontinuous micellar-type cubic phase was investigated in water-polyoxyethylene dodecyl ether (C(12)EO(25)) systems by phase study and small-angle X-ray scattering. The thermal stability of the cubic phase increases upon addition of oil, especially short-chain hydrocarbons. However, in the heptane system, the maximum melting temperature of the cubic phase is lower than that for decane due to the formation of a different liquid crystal phase. The effect of polyols on C(12)EO(25) cubic phases was also investigated. It was found that the thermal stability of the cubic phase decreases with polyol concentration. The destabilizing effect becomes large as the polyol molecule penetrates further into the surfactant palisade layer. Although the solubilization of oil in the cubic phase is very low, a large amount of excess oil can be incorporated and a transparent cubic-phase-based concentrated emulsion is formed. The transparency is attributed to the very small difference in the refractive indices between the cubic and excess-oil phases. Copyright 2000 Academic Press.