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CTL escape mutations of core protein are more frequent in strains of HBeAg negative patients with low levels of HBV DNA.

Research paper by Hossein H Sendi, Marjan M Mehrab-Mohseni, Saeid S Shahraz, Helene H Norder, Seyed-Moayed SM Alavian, Babak B Noorinayer, Mohammad R MR Zali, Paul P Pumpens, Herbert L HL Bonkovsky, Lars O LO Magnius

Indexed on: 15 Sep '09Published on: 15 Sep '09Published in: Journal of Clinical Virology



Abstract

Recent studies have suggested that Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) play a key role in eliminating hepatitis B virus (HBV).We aimed to investigate the role of mutations in different immune epitopes of hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg) among Iranians with hepatitis B e antigen negative chronic hepatitis B (e-CHB), and asymptomatic carriers (ASCs).Amino acids 1-150 of HBcAg were characterized for HBV strains from 29 e-CHB patients and 48 ASCs from Iran. All patients were infected with HBV genotype D and had previously been investigated for the presence of pre-core and basic core promoter (BCP) mutants.Amino acid mutations of core protein were observed more frequently in HBV strains from ASCs than e-CHB patients (p=0.014). Asn(67) mutation was mutually exclusive to the combination Ile(66) and Ser(69) (P<0.001). Substitutions for Ser(21) and Thr12Ser were associated with lower serum levels of HBV DNA (p<0.001). None of the patients with mutations in HLA-A2 CTL epitope, 18-27, had serum HBV DNA more than 10(5)copies/mL (p<0.001). By multivariate analysis, high level (>10(5)copies/mL) of serum HBV DNA was inversely associated with the presence of mutations in CTL epitopes of HBc (OR: 0.11, p=0.015), while it was directly associated with the presence of promoter double T(1762)A(1764) mutations together with G(1757) (OR: 16.87, p=0.004).The inverse correlation between serum levels of HBV DNA and CTL escape mutations of the core protein in HBeAg seroconverted patients, supports the notion that selection of CTL escape mutations consolidates the persistence of HBV infection despite reducing viral fitness.