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Creation of magnetic skyrmions by surface acoustic waves.

Research paper by Tomoyuki T Yokouchi, Satoshi S Sugimoto, Bivas B Rana, Shinichiro S Seki, Naoki N Ogawa, Shinya S Kasai, Yoshichika Y Otani

Indexed on: 02 Apr '20Published on: 02 Apr '20Published in: Nature Nanotechnology



Abstract

Non-collinear and non-coplanar spin textures, such as chiral domain walls and helical or triangular spin structures, bring about diverse functionalities. Among them, magnetic skyrmions, particle-like non-coplanar topological spin structures characterized by a non-zero integer topological charge called the skyrmion number (N), have great potential for various spintronic applications, such as energy-saving, non-volatile memory and non-von Neumann devices. Current pulses can initiate skyrmion creation in thin-film samples but require relatively large current densities, which probably causes Joule heating. Moreover, skyrmion creation is localized at a specific position in the film depending on the sample design. Here, we experimentally demonstrate an approach to skyrmion creation employing surface acoustic waves (SAWs); in asymmetric multilayers of Pt/Co/Ir, propagating SAWs induce skyrmions in a wide area of the magnetic film. Micromagnetic simulations reveal that inhomogeneous torque arising from both SAWs and thermal fluctuations creates magnetic textures, with pair structures consisting of a Néel skyrmion-like and an antiskyrmion-like structure. Subsequently, such pairs transform to a Néel skyrmion due to the instability of the antiskyrmion-like structure in a system with interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. Our findings provide a tool for efficient manipulation of topological spin objects without heat dissipation and over large areas, given that the propagation length of SAWs is of the order of millimetres.