Indexed on: 14 Oct '16Published on: 14 Oct '16Published in: Infection and immunity
Our recent study demonstrated that virulent Coxiella burnetii Nine Mile phase I (NMI) is capable of infecting and replicating within peritoneal B1a cells and that B1a cells play an important role in host defense against C. burnetii infection in mice. However, it remains unknown if avirulent Nine Mile phase II (NMII) can infect and replicate in B1a cells and whether NMI and NMII can differentially interact with B1a cells. In this study, we examined if NMI and NMII can differentially modulate host cell apoptotic signaling in B1a cells. The results showed that NMII induced a dose dependent cell death in murine peritoneal B1a cells but NMI did not, suggesting NMI and NMII may differentially activate host cell apoptotic signaling in B1a cells. Western blotting indicated that NMII induced B1a cell death was not dependent on either caspase-3 or PARP-1 cleavage, but cleavage of caspase-1 was detected in NMII infected B1a cells. In addition, inhibition or deficiency of caspase-1 activity blocked NMII induced B1a cell death. These results suggest that NMII induces a caspase-1 dependent pyroptosis in murine peritoneal B1a cells. We also found that heat killed NMII and type 4 secretion system (T4SS) mutant NMII were unable to induce B1a cell death and that NMII infection did not induce cell death in peritoneal B1a cells from Toll-Like Receptor 2 (TLR-2) or NLRP3 inflammasome deficient mice. These data suggest that NMII induced caspase-1 dependent pyroptosis may require its T4SS, and activation of the TLR-2 and NLRP3 signaling pathways.