Indexed on: 30 Oct '09Published on: 30 Oct '09Published in: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
This study investigated whether covering the colonic anastomoses with amniotic membrane (AM) protects the anastomotic healing from the adverse effects of immediate 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) administration.One hundred twenty wistar albino rats were randomized to one of four groups (I-IV, 30 rats in each) and underwent a standardized left colon resection and anastomoses. The anastomoses of the rats in groups II (AM) and IV (5-FU + AM) were covered with AM. Saline solution (2 ml/day; groups I (control) and II) or 5-FU (20 mg/kg/day; groups III (5-FU) and IV) was administered to the rats intraperitoneally once daily from the day of operation until sacrificed. Half of each group was sacrificed on the postoperative day 4 (IA, IIA, IIIA, and IVA) and other half on the postoperative day 8 (IB, IIB, IIIB, and IVB), and their anastomoses were evaluated when sacrificed.The dehiscence rate of anastomotic dehiscence and adhesion formation were significantly higher in groups IIIA and IIIB compared with groups IVA and IVB, respectively. Bursting pressure was significantly higher in the 5-FU + AM groups than in the 5-FU groups. The inflammatory cell infiltration was significantly lower in groups IIIA and IVA compared with group IA, in groups IIIB and IVB compared with group IB, and in group IVA compared with group IIIA. Neoangiogenesis, fibroblast activity, collagen deposition, and hydroxyproline levels were significantly higher in the 5FU + AM groups compared with control and 5-FU groups. Malondialdehyde levels were significantly higher in the 5-FU groups than in the 5-FU + AM groups.Covering colon anastomoses with AM protects them, preventing leakage and reversing the negative effects of 5-FU administration.