Counting distinct dimer hex tilings

Research paper by Peter Taylor

Indexed on: 22 Feb '16Published on: 22 Feb '16Published in: Mathematics - Combinatorics


The combinatorics of tilings of a hexagon of integer side-length $n$ by 120 degree - 60 degree diamonds of side-length 1 has a long history, both directly (as a problem of interest in thermodynamic models) and indirectly (through the equivalence to plane partitions). Formulae as products of factorials have been conjectured and, one by one, proven for the number of such tilings under each of the symmetries of the hexagon. However, when this note was written the entry for the number of distinct such tilings in the Online Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences (OEIS) consisted of little more than a table for $0 \le n \le 4$ and a brief discussion of those values. The aim of this note is to pull together the relevant facts.