Indexed on: 29 Sep '17Published on: 29 Sep '17Published in: Rheumatology and Therapy
Golimumab is a tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibitor for treatment of patients with severe, active ankylosing spondylitis. This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of golimumab compared with conventional care and other TNF-α inhibitors in treatment of AS from the UK National Health Service perspective.A long-term Markov model (with initial decision tree) was developed to simulate the progression of a hypothetical cohort of patients with active AS over a lifetime. The effectiveness outcome was quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs). Utilities were estimated by mapping Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index scores, and the primary response measure was ≥50% improvement on the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index at 12 weeks. Direct, medication, and AS management costs were included. Costs and outcomes were discounted at 3.5%.All TNF-α inhibitors were comparable to each other and superior to conventional care. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) for TNF-α inhibitors were £19,070-42,532 per QALY gained compared with conventional care. Analyses of the ICERs for each TNF-α inhibitor compared with conventional care demonstrated that golimumab was the most cost-effective treatment, and that adalimumab and etanercept were dominated by golimumab. Sensitivity analyses confirmed the robustness of these analyses.Golimumab may be considered a cost-effective treatment alternative for patients with active AS. With comparable costs and efficacy among TNF-α inhibitors, the choice of TNF-α inhibitor to treat AS is likely to be driven by patient and physician choice.Merck & Co., Inc.