Cosmological Angular Trispectra and Non-Gaussian Covariance

Research paper by Hayden Lee, Cora Dvorkin

Indexed on: 06 Jan '20Published on: 02 Jan '20Published in: arXiv - Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics


Angular cosmological correlators are infamously difficult to compute due to the highly oscillatory nature of the projection integrals. Motivated by recent development on analytic approaches to cosmological perturbation theory, in this paper we present an efficient method for computing cosmological four-point correlations in angular space, generalizing previous works on lower-point functions. This builds on the FFTLog algorithm that approximates the matter power spectrum as a sum over power-law functions, which makes certain momentum integrals analytically solvable. The computational complexity is drastically reduced for correlators in a "separable" form---we define a suitable notion of separability for cosmological trispectra, and derive formulas for angular correlators of different separability classes. As an application of our formalism, we compute the angular galaxy trispectrum at tree level, with and without primordial non-Gaussianity. This includes effects of redshift space distortion and bias parameters up to cubic order. We also compute the non-Gaussian covariance of the angular matter power spectrum due to the connected four-point function, beyond the Limber approximation. We demonstrate that, in contrast to the standard lore, the Limber approximation can fail for the non-Gaussian covariance computation even for large multipoles.